Make a checkered HTML list

6

Hello, I would like to know if it is possible to make a checklist, like the image below, with css only (please disregard blue lines):

I found the nth-child function of css, but I was able to do just that:

.box_parceiro:nth-child(odd) { background-color: $cinza_noticia_home; }

<ul>
    <li class="col-md-3 col-sm-6 col-xs-12 box_parceiro" ng-repeat="i in vm.repeat(12) track by $index" >
         <h1>ARLETE MARIA SIMON</h1>
         <br>
         <p>
             Peritiba/SC<br>
             (49) 3453-1335<br>
             eraldosimon@hotmail.com
         </p>
     </li>
 </ul>

    
asked by Bernardo Kowacic 30.03.2016 в 14:51
source

2 answers

7

CSS Solution

Your solution is good, but only for an odd number of columns:

box_parceiro:nth-child(odd)

If the number is odd, it will be a perfect grid, since the last one on the first line will necessarily differ from the first on the next line.

Only with even numbers, this does not work.

Either way, has is a reasonably simple solution for even columns. I demonstrated with four columns, but understanding the logic becomes easy.

If four columns alternate, the color sequence is this:

A B A B
B A B A

repeating then. That is, we have a cycle of 8 cells that repeats itself. In this cycle, we do not need to specify the color of all cells, just put a default color, and change other 4.

If our cycle is A B A B B A B A , we have the color B in positions 2, 4, 5 and 7. In this case, nth-child(Nn+I) can help us. Just change the N by the size of the cycle, and I by the position:

li:nth-child(8n+2),
li:nth-child(8n+4),
li:nth-child(8n+5),
li:nth-child(8n+7) {
  ... cor ...
}


JavaScript Solution

If the number of elements really varies when the user resizes the window, a possible solution would be to use a script .

I wrote one that alternates classes:

function quadriculado( id, cName ) {
    var c = document.getElementById( id );
    var toggle = 0;
    var line = 0;
    var lastY
    for( var i = 0; i < c.children.length; i++ ) {
        var y = c.children[i].getBoundingClientRect().top;
        var classes = c.children[i].className.replace( cName, '' );
        if( y !== lastY ) { lastY = y; line++; toggle = 0 } else { toggle = 1 - toggle };
        c.children[i].className = classes + ( toggle == line % 2 ? '' : ' ' + cName );
    }
}

The only caution is you call the script in the resize event as well:

quadriculado( 'elemento', 'classe' );
window.addEventListener('resize',function(){quadriculado( 'elemento', 'classe' )} );

Another point to note is that for simplicity I used a basic string substitution, so you might want to use a class name that is not contained in other classes of the inner elements.


Demonstration of two solutions:

Here is a demonstration of the CSS solution, suitable for fixed columns:

ul {
  position:relative;
  margin:0;
  padding:0;
}

li {
  width:25%;
  height:60px;
  display:block;
  float:left;
  list-style-type: none;
  margin:0;
  padding:0;
  background-color:#eee;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

li:nth-child(8n+2),
li:nth-child(8n+4),
li:nth-child(8n+5),
li:nth-child(8n+7) {
  background-color:#ccc;
}
<ul>
  <li>1</li>
  <li>2</li>
  <li>3</li>
  <li>4</li>
  <li>5</li>
  <li>6</li>
  <li>7</li>
  <li>8</li>
  <li>9</li>
  <li>10</li>
</ul>


And here, the JS solution demonstration, suitable for variable number of columns during use.

To test, try using "full page" mode and resize the window. If you prefer, you can directly view the CodePen .

function quadriculado( id, cName ) {
	var c = document.getElementById( id );
	var toggle = 0;
	var line = 0;
	var lastY
	for( var i = 0; i < c.children.length; i++ ) {
		var y = c.children[i].getBoundingClientRect().top;
		var classes = c.children[i].className.replace( cName, '' );
		if( y !== lastY ) { lastY = y; line++; toggle = 0 } else { toggle = 1 - toggle };
		c.children[i].className = classes + ( toggle == line % 2 ? '' : ' ' + cName );
	}
}

quadriculado( 'q', 'x-odd' );
window.addEventListener('resize',function(){quadriculado( 'q', 'x-odd' )} );
.card {
  display:block;
  width:200px;
  height:60px;
  float:left;
  list-style-type:none;
  background-color:#eee;
}

.x-odd {
  background-color:#ddd;
}

ul {
  margin:0;
  padding:0;
}
<ul id="q">
	<li class="card">1</li>
	<li class="card">2</li>
	<li class="card">3</li>
	<li class="card">4</li>
	<li class="card">5</li>
	<li class="card">6</li>
	<li class="card">7</li>
	<li class="card">8</li>
	<li class="card">9</li>
	<li class="card">0</li>
</ul>
    
answered by 31.03.2016 / 20:50
source
0
.box_parceiro { background-color: $cor_padrao; }
.box_parceiro:nth-child(2n+1) { background-color: $cinza_noticia_home; }
    
answered by 30.03.2016 в 15:03